Assalam alaikoum wa Rahmatullaahi wa Barakaatuh,
Blind following of a Madhab, not Obligatory not Recommended
Excerpts taken from: Blind Following of Madhabs by Syakh Muhammad Sultan al Ma’soomee al-Khajnadee
As for the madhabs, they are the opinions of the scholars, their understanding as regards certain problems and their deductions. Allaah, the Most High, did not make it obligatory to follow these opinions, deductions and understandings, nor did His Messenger, since they contain that which is correct and that which is incorrect. There is nothing that is totally correct except that which is established from Allaah’s Messenger (PBUH) and very often the Imaams would make a pronouncement in a matter and then the truth would come to their attention, being at variance with that, so they would retract from their saying!
So he who wishes to enter into the Deen of Islaam and to be honoured by the honour of Eemaan, then he has only to bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped but Allaah and that Muhammad of Allaah and to establish the five prayers, to pay Zakaah, to fast in the month of Ramadhaan and to make Hajj to the House if he is able.
As for the following one of the four madhabs, then that is not obligatory nor recommended and it is not binding for a Muslim to follow any one of them in particular. Rather he who follows one of them in particular, in every matter, then he is a mistaken sectarian and a blind-follower. He is one of those who split up their Deen and become sects and Allaah, the Most High, has forbidden split within the Deen.
Verily, those who divide their religion and break up into sects, you (O Muhammad) have no concern in them in the least (Sooratul- An’aam 6:159)
Be not of those who worship others along with Allaah; of those who split up their religion and became sects, each sect rejoicing in that which is with it. (Sooratur- Room 30:31-32)
Islam is a single Deen and there are no madhabs or ways therein which one is obligated to follow except for the way of Muhammad, the Messenger of Allaah (PBUH) and his guidance.
Say (O Muhammad): This is my way; I invite unto Allaah, with sure knowledge. I and whosoever follows me (also much invited others to Allaah) with sure knowledge. Glorified and Exalted be Allaah. I am not of Mushrikeen (those who worship others along with Allaah) (Soorah Yoosuf 12:108)
Many differences have sprung up between the blind followers of these madhabs , without knowledge! Allaah, the Most High, says:
Do not dispute (with one another) lest you lose courage and your strength depart and be patient. Surely, Allaah is with those who are patient.(Sooratul Anfaal 8:46)
Allaah, the Great says, ordering us to unite and cling together:
Hold fast, all of you together, to the Rope of Allaah (i.e. this Qur’aan) and be not divided amongst yourselves. (Soorah Aal’ Imraan 3:103)